A health professional who practices the science of linking between the health disciplines with chemical sciences is called a Pharmacist, whom are accountable in ensuring the safe and effective use of medicines. Medicines have various functions and serve different purposes, which is why pharmacy may be practiced in different areas.
Most pharmacists practice their profession in a Community Pharmacy. It comprises of a retail storefront with a dispensary for storing and dispensing medications. All pharmacies whenever open are required to have a licensed pharmacist on-duty or must be owned by a registered pharmacist. But this was later revoked in many jurisdictions since many establishments have a pharmacy department. Nowadays, pharmacies are not limited to retailing and dispensing medicines, but like grocery stores with many selling a variety of items including cosmetics, shampoo, office supplies, confections, snack foods, durable medical equipment, greeting cards, and provide photo processing services.
A Hospital pharmacy situated inside hospitals have more complex medication management issues in contrast to the more complex business and customer relations issues of a community pharmacy. It stocks a larger range of medications dispensed in the hospital either as unit-dose or a single dose of medicines.
In Clinical Pharmacy, patients are provided with direct care services optimizing the use of medication for health promotion and disease prevention. It initially began in hospitals and clinics but now, clinical pharmacists administer care for patients in whatever health care setting. The clinical pharmacist’s work is in collaboration with physicians, nurses and other healthcare personnel in various medical and surgical areas, making their profession an integral part of patient care.
Preparing drugs in new forms is the job of a Compounding pharmacist. For example, a drug manufacturer provides a certain drug in tablet form, the compounding pharmacist might produce a medicated candy containing the drug, thus a patient may only suck or eat the candy if he has a hard time swallowing tablets. Compounding may also mean mixing different strengths of capsules and tablets to produce desired effect by the doctor.
A Consultant pharmacist concentrates on medication regimen review rather on the actual provision of drugs and typically works in nursing homes.
Internet pharmacies have been established worldwide since the year 2000. Many are alike with community pharmacies which may serve customers online or walk-in. Internet or Online pharmacies are recommended to those who are home-bound or those who prefer a more private and convenient method in buying medicines. Since some online pharmacies sell drugs to online consumers without prescription, one major concern of this area of practice is the ease by which people, especially the youth, can access prescription or controlled drugs.
Animal or veterinary pharmacies stock different assortments of medications for animal pharmaceutical needs. They are often separated from regular pharmacies.
Nuclear pharmacy’s main concern is the preparation of radioactive materials for diagnostic tests and treating certain diseases.
A Military pharmacist has a working environment which is completely different from the others as most of the duties performed by the technician might be considered illegal in the civilian sector.
In Pharmacy Informatics, pharmacy practice science and applied information science are combined together. Informaticists work in many areas of pharmacy but may well be trained to take part in medication management system development, deployment and optimization.